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The fear of children it is evolutionary in nature. As children get older, they go through different stages and experience different childhood fears, which change as they are overcome. Within this evolution, children must overcome some fears to face the next ones with courage. The problem of children's fears appears when these fears do not evolve, they become encyst and do not disappear from one stage of growth to another.
Overcoming each fear is important. Generally, this is something that happens naturally, but sometimes, it is not so easy for some children because they can be linked to unpleasant experiences, for example. Parents should be the first to realize this circumstance and help their children overcome their fears.
a) It is the first fear that manifests itself in the baby around nine months. At this age, he begins to miss his reference adults when they are not around and does not want to leave the arms of mom and dad to stay with someone else, who, even if he has seen them before, probably does not remember.
b) Talking to strangers is a risk, which children must learn, but avoiding that their fears increase, always transmitting confidence and security. Teach him to be cautious and not accept objects, candy, or invitations from strangers.
Positive education: Respect the child's fear and do not belittle him for being afraid, telling him that he is fearful ... Praise his progress even if they are minimal and thus you will help him to be a little more courageous every day. To prevent your baby from manifesting a strong fear of separation from his parents, from six months encourage contact with family and other people, so that when the time comes he is familiar with other people.
Generally, it focuses on the figure of the mother and takes place at the beginning of nursery school or college or due to a divorce. This fear arises when the child suffers from being separated from the people to whom he is emotionally attached, especially from his mother.
With the truth in front. Informing the child naturally about what is happening will help him a lot to overcome his fear. It is better for him to talk openly to him that his father or mother will come over the weekend to play with him or to pick him up after school, using clear and simple language that he can understand, than to lie to him or disguise reality for him, Sometimes it can feed your fears more than transmit tranquility.
Habits and routines provide security for children and babies and, therefore, a change of home, school, culture, country, friends ... can become a nightmare for the child. To prevent changes from causing fear in the child, it is necessary to anticipate and tell him what is going to happen, in this way, the child can prepare himself psychologically for the new situation. It is important that you talk about the new change with optimism and hope for a better situation.
Prepare him for what is to come. To prevent changes from causing fear in the child, it is necessary to anticipate and tell him what is going to happen, in this way, the child can prepare himself psychologically for the new situation. It is important that you talk about the new change with optimism and hope for a better situation.
Prevent your child from sudden negative experiences, and place a small light on or a pilot light in his bedroom so that he can see and his room is never completely dark. One in three children fear the dark.
Avoid sudden negative experiences. Keep in mind that this fear of the dark can arise from a bad explanation of monster tales, or from nightmares and imaginary situations. For this reason, select children's movies and shows appropriate to their age and choose appropriate readings.
Storms and the noise of thunder that, in many fictional scenes, are associated with scary stories can increase children's fear of these natural phenomena.
Avoid overprotecting your child.To accustom your child to thunder and storms, approach the window from a young age when it rains so that it sees thunder and lightning as something natural and normal related to bad weather. Explain that it is a temporary natural phenomenon that will not harm him. Learning how to deal with problems from a young age will make you independent and with your own resources to deal with complications.
Life in cities makes contact with animals less frequent, so it is normal for animals, being strangers, to cause fear in children.
Stay calm in stressful situations. Avoid transmitting fear to your child or seeing you stressed or fearful in the presence of an animal. Children should be familiarized with animals from a young age. Teaching them to respect and care for them is essential to drive away their fear. However, and always naturally, you must warn the child of the danger he may run if he approaches an unknown animal. In this case, always keep your distance.
There are many fears that revolve around school. In younger children, anticipatory anxiety or fear is common in the moments before they arrive at school and in older children others appear, such as fear of school failure and punishment, social fear of activities that must be carried out in public like reading, exposing a job ... and fear of physical discomfort.
Encourages problem solving by the child. Since children spend most of their time at school helping them build solid self-esteem, which provides them with self-confidence, it is the best thing we can do as parents. Avoid always turning to you for a solution, because you will be preventing them from developing their autonomy and independence.
Most nighttime fears are related to other fears such as the fear of the dark, loneliness, separation, dreams and nightmares ... When the problem lies in the child's difficulty falling asleep, it is only advisable to find the real cause of your fear to disassemble it little by little.
Play down your child's fears and fears. Sometimes, it is convenient to dedramatize to dismantle the child's fear. The child should be reminded that their fears are normal and that they are part of their development.
Jumping off a trampoline, riding the bike too fast ... can pose a risk to the physical integrity of children. Some may even stop doing some sporting activities for fear of injury and pain due to personal fouls or entry into the field of play.
Enhance the child's courage.Encourage him to do the sport or physical activity that he likes, so that little by little he can face situations that cause fear. Underline their courageous behaviors.
A negative experience around the loss of a loved one can trigger the fear of death in the child, due to not knowing what awaits us beyond life.
Hide your fears. Many people prefer not to think about this topic, but remember that children learn by imitation and your child could develop phobias just because you have them.
You can read more articles similar to Decalogue of children's fears, in the Fears on Site category.