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All children in general need stimuli for learning and to enhance their motor, cognitive and emotional abilities. Children with Down's Syndrome They are no exception, but due to their special characteristics they require different training.
The muscular atony determines differences in the development of the ability to walk, or in the fine motor skills of children with Down syndrome. But on the other hand, the visual capacities of children with Down syndrome are, in general, superior to their auditory ones, and their comprehension capacity is superior to that of expression, so their language is scarce and appears with some delay, although They compensate for their verbal deficiencies with more developed non-verbal language skills such as eye contact, social smile, or use of signs to make themselves understood.
In general, children with Down syndrome can do most of the things that any young child can do, such as talking, walking, dressing, and potty training. However, they generally learn later than other children. The insertion of children with Down syndrome in special programs, starting from the preschool age, helps them develop their skills, benefit from early intervention and special education.
Specific early care programs (during the first six years of life) designed especially for children with Down syndrome aim to stimulate their adaptive and learning mechanisms to the maximum. Thus, for example, to try to teach a child with Down syndrome to read, conventional methods are not used, but graphic methods (from cards, or index cards, that associate image and word) that take into account their greater ability visual and that they are achieving excellent results. In addition, these programs allow the acquisition of these skills to be achieved much earlier, to continue with educational programs that fully integrate the person with Down syndrome in a future work environment.
While there are programsspecial work designed for adults with Down syndrome, many people affected by this disorder are able to work regularly. Today, the number of adults with Down syndrome living almost independently, in group homes, taking care of themselves, participating in household chores, making friends, taking part in recreational activities, and working in their community, It is growing.
People with Down syndrome are sociable, date, and form relationships. Some get married. Although rare, women with Down syndrome can and do have children. In any pregnancy, a woman with Down syndrome has a 50 percent chance of conceiving a child with Down syndrome, but many pregnancies with affected fetuses are lost naturally.
- Fundació Catalana Síndrome de Down
- Down-Valencia Syndrome Foundation
- Spanish associations
- International associations
You can read more articles similar to Down syndrome: education and the future of children, in the Down Syndrome category on site.