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With the arrival of a baby, the world of parents takes a 180 degree turn. Given the inexperience of not having taken care of a child before, the lack of sleep is added, something that can become very desperate. How is the sleep of the baby from 0 to 3 months? Why do they wake up so much? When do they start sleeping more hours in a row? Let's look at all these questions in the following lines!
Sleep is understood as the state of rest of the organism characterized by the presence of low levels of physiological activity and less response to external stimuli. It is part of the circadian sleep-wake cycle. The dream has 2 phases:
- REM sleep (for its acronym in English, Rapid Eyes Movement), in which there is high brain activity and we capture a large amount of information from our environment. Its function is the regeneration of mental processes and, in this phase, dreams occur.
- Non-REM (or NREM) sleep, which has two phases of light sleep and two phases of deep sleep. Its function is the physical repair of the body.
We see then that, during the time we remain asleep, a series of processes necessary to maintain physical and mental balance occurs in our body, hence the importance of having good habits to achieve quality sleep. Studies have shown that phases of the baby's sleep can be recognized from seven months of gestation, therefore, The pregnant mother's sleep habits can affect the baby's quality of sleep.
In the newborn, this cycle is not completely established, so it is directly linked to their feeding needs. During the first weeks of life, it occurs in a periodicity of 3 to 4 hours, with rapid changes occurring in the first three months towards the conformation of its own circadian cycle. At 3 months, they sleep around 15 hours a day and a high percentage of infants are able to sleep much of the night, uninterruptedly.
It is very important to always keep in mind that each child sets his own rhythm to sleep, it can become similar or completely different from that of his little brother, his cousin or the neighbor's son, and that's fine, it is his personal pattern. Answering the question that many parents ask 'How is the sleep of a baby from 0 to 3 months?', It must be said that, basically, the dream has the following characteristics:
- Biphasic that is, it presents its two phases, Active or REM and slow sleep or NREM. You wake up frequently to eat, which performs important functions such as avoiding hypoglycemia and maintaining milk production; Furthermore, since they have a very small stomach, it quickly fills up and quickly empties. These periods in which you remain awake, in wakefulness, help you to stimulate yourself and know the environment, thereby developing your brain activities.
- Starts in REM phase, which is very beneficial since the baby does not get physically tired during the day; On the other hand, it does need a greater mental maturation.
- Mostly REM. Remember that during this dream the brain integrates learning and helps to develop your mind. Therefore, by having very short sleep cycles, prioritize REM sleep, which will help you achieve your goals.
- Ultradiano. It is worth saying that the child does not differentiate between day and night. That is why many times we hear parents say that the baby 'seems to have the clock turned' because he sleeps during the day and wants to be awake at night. We already know that it is characteristic in these first months of adjustment.
- Polysequential. It is distributed in several sequences or times throughout the day, unlike the adult, which is usually unisequential or bisequential, that is, we sleep at night and, sometimes, a nap during the day. This helps you keep your caregiver close and eat frequently. It is recommended that, in the first weeks, the mother follows the baby's sleep schedules, so that she recovers her energy and is more rested when feeding the baby and attending to her care.
Some specialists recommend that there be few external stimuli in the night feedings, which can favor the child's sleep. In addition, they establish a series of very practical tips:
- If it is necessary to turn on a light, that is very dim.
- Feed it silently.
- Make the diaper change with the least possible movement.
- Resist playing with him.
- Put him back in his crib still sleepy (if he sleeps in a crib), so that this is a familiar environment at bedtime.
- Try to give her her last nighttime feed around 11pm.So that your night's sleep lengthens and asks for your first feed of the day, around 5 in the morning, which will also allow parents to have a better rest.
- During the day, Play with him, try to make your room have lots of light, convince him and don't minimize normal daytime noises. This will also help you distinguish between day and night.
- Do not wait for the baby to go to sleep as soon as you put him to bed, it is normal for him to stay awake for a while, it can last up to 30–40 minutes before entering deep sleep and he may even cry during this time. In that case, lull him, always inside the crib (or in bed, if they co-sleep), so that he can resume his sleep naturally. It is not about the parents putting it to sleep, it is about knowing each stage and understanding them, in order to be able to face each one of them.
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